The Brit signed on for Renault last term but could only pick up one point over the course of the entire campaign after securing a tenth-place finish in Malaysia.
Palmer’s seat looked to be in danger when Nico Hulkenberg joined Renault but he was saved when former team-mate Kevin Magnussen opted to move on to Haas.
The 26-year-old could find himself in a similar position at the end of 2017 if results do not improve but feels he is better placed to secure points after coming through such a turbulent time.
"I feel like it's completely different sat here now, said Palmer. "I honestly think you learn more in the difficult times. And really, last year there were times where I had to pull myself together.
"The year started quite difficult and I had to regroup and get my head straight for doing what I could the rest of the year.
"And having come through that, now I'm sat here with that experience which a lot of drivers don't have.
"You're on the back foot and in a fight for survival. I've come through that and now hopefully we are going to have a much stronger year, and I know I can dig deep and when the pressure's on, shine through."